Before this Decade is Out

Out of this Committee's recommendations , the Space Task Group prepared a
program plan . They presented this plan , as I mentioned before , to the NASA
Research Centers , with primary emphasis on informing the centers of the kinds
of ...

 Before this Decade is Out

Author: Glen E. Swanson

Publisher: United States Government Printing

ISBN:

Page: 408

View: 130

Before This Decade Is Out

These oral histories by major participants in the Apollo program relive the events that culminated in the 1969 moon landing.

Before This Decade Is Out

Author: Glen E. Swanson

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486483835

Page: 402

View: 983

These oral histories by major participants in the Apollo program relive the events that culminated in the 1969 moon landing. Recollections of 14 participants include comments by NASA administrators James Webb and Thomas O. Paine; Wernher von Braun, architect of the Saturn V rocket; and astronauts Harrison Schmitt and Charles Duke. 69 black-and-white illustrations.

Apollo and America s Moon Landing Program Before This Decade Is Out Personal Reflections on the Apollo Program NASA SP 4223 by Von Braun Kranz Lunney Duke Schmitt Low Faget Webb

I am pleased that the comments of some of the key individuals involved in Project Apollo are being preserved by NASA and made available through this book. The people who are quoted in this book were among the top leaders of NASA.

Apollo and America s Moon Landing Program   Before This Decade Is Out      Personal Reflections on the Apollo Program  NASA SP 4223  by Von Braun  Kranz  Lunney  Duke  Schmitt  Low  Faget  Webb

Author: World Spaceflight News

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781549534171

Page: 226

View: 532

This official NASA history document provides enlightening tales about the Apollo lunar landing program by those who were there: astronauts (Duke and Schmitt), managers and scientists (von Braun, Webb, Paine, Gilruth, Mueller, Low, Faget, Rogers, Guin), and a protocol assistant who accompanied the Apollo 11 on their whirlwind presidential goodwill mission (Barnes). From the foreword by Christopher Kraft: For a project as massive as the Apollo program, history may distance itself to the extent where modern interpretation distills a feeling that such events took place without extensive human involvement. Nothing could be further removed from the truth. Through the verbal accounts offered by the oral histories such as presented in this volume, we are reintroduced to the critical human factor which is the essence of any history. People made Apollo happen and it is important to preserve their thoughts, feelings, and recollections for future generations. The oral histories presented in this volume offer a sample of what NASA has done to preserve the story of Apollo as part of our nation's human spaceflight heritage. The accounts included in this book are a small sampling of the large number of oral histories that have been conducted under the auspices of the NASA history program, since near the beginning of the Agency. They also represent the many personal contributions made during Project Apollo, the single largest peacetime endeavor in American history. These recollections span the origins, management, and completion of that enormous effort and measurably enhance our appreciation of its difficulty. I am pleased that the comments of some of the key individuals involved in Project Apollo are being preserved by NASA and made available through this book. The people who are quoted in this book were among the top leaders of NASA. All of them played a prominent part in the conduct and accomplishments of Apollo. As one of those who knew and watched these individuals lead, I have a particular sense of their statements. I always had the feeling of having been granted a special privilege to participate and work on the Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo programs. The contents of this book reveal that these people had similar experiences. They all recognized that it took literally thousands of dedicated people to bring these efforts to fruition and that it was up to them to provide the necessary leadership to allow all of the workers on the project to accomplish their tasks. It was a wondrous thing to watch. Anyone interested in the underlying strength of NASA in this time period will find these accounts a fascinating read.

The Decision to Go to the Moon

""The thoroughness of this book as a historical record is evident throughout.

The Decision to Go to the Moon

Author: John M. Logsdon

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 187

View: 859

The decision announced by John F. Kennedy on May 25, 1961, initiating the expedition to the moon, is now documented in full for future students of history. To John Logsdon, whose approach is that of a political scientist examining the influence of men and events on the decision-making process, the decision to land a man on the moon "before this decade is out" was wholly political rather than military, although overtones of implied defense were useful in obtaining congressional support. Moreover, he notes it was made without the support of the scientific community, although their previous research efforts were expected partially to offset this deterrent.Although the success of the Russian manned orbit and the fiasco of the Bay of Pigs invasion certainly influenced the timing, in the author's interpretation the Kennedy decision manages to escape the narrow definition of a public relations exhibition. In Kennedy's view, he emphasizes, the security of the country itself was inseparably linked to a position of prestige in world opinion. Nor was he a particular enthusiast of space exploration for its own rewards. As he remarked to one of his advisors, "If you had a scientific spectacular on this earth that would be more useful--say desalting the ocean--or something just as dramatic and convincing as space, then we would do "that.""The thoroughness of this book as a historical record is evident throughout. NASA historical records and government documents not previously released, including several Presidential papers, are used in the analysis, and the author weaves these records together with subtleties of opinion from interviews with NASA officials and such Kennedy advisors as Theodore Sorenson, McGeorge Bundy, David Bell, and Jerome Wiesner.

Reaching the Moon

" This volume takes readers on the journey through the amazing successes and heartbreaking tragedies of astronauts trying to reach the moon, complete with NASA and historical photographs correlating with the stellar narrative.

Reaching the Moon

Author: Michael Rajczak

Publisher: Gareth Stevens Publishing LLLP

ISBN: 1538258773

Page: 32

View: 548

Alan Shepard Jr. became the first American in space in 1961. His fifteen-minute mission showed that humans could survive a wild ride atop a rocket. In a speech to Congress just 20 days later, President John F. Kennedy declared "I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the Earth." This volume takes readers on the journey through the amazing successes and heartbreaking tragedies of astronauts trying to reach the moon, complete with NASA and historical photographs correlating with the stellar narrative.

U S Space launch Vehicle Technology

Bilstein , Stages to Saturn , 349 ; excerpted interview of Mueller by Robert
Sherrod , April 21 , 1971 , in Swanson , Before This Decade Is Out , 108 . On the
conception of all - up testing on Minuteman , see Hunley , Preludes , chap . 9 . 31
.

U S  Space launch Vehicle Technology

Author: J. D. Hunley

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 453

View: 350

For nearly fifty years, a wide range of missiles and rockets has propelled U.S. satellites and spacecraft into the sky. J. D. Hunley's two-volume work traces the evolution of this technology, from Robert Goddard's research in the 1920s through the development of the Titan missiles and launch vehicles in the 1960s to the refinement of the space shuttle in the 1980s. With the first book devoted primarily to military hardware and the second to launch vehicle hardware, Hunley offers a sweeping overview of these impressive engineering innovations as well as insights into the dynamic personalities responsible for them. Together, the two volumes offer a unique, invaluable history of rocketry that should appeal to a wide range of scholars and space buffs.

The Apollo Program

*Includes pictures *Chronicles the Apollo program from beginning to end, profiling Apollo 1, Apollo 11, and Apollo 13 *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading *Includes a table of contents The Apollo space program ...

The Apollo Program

Author: Charles River Editors

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781543294910

Page: 184

View: 112

*Includes pictures *Chronicles the Apollo program from beginning to end, profiling Apollo 1, Apollo 11, and Apollo 13 *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading *Includes a table of contents The Apollo space program is the most famous and celebrated in American history, but the first successful landing of men on the Moon during Apollo 11 had complicated roots dating back over a decade, and it also involved one of NASA's most infamous tragedies. Landing on the Moon presented an ideal goal all on its own, but the government's urgency in designing the Apollo program was actually brought about by the Soviet Union, which spent much of the 1950s leaving the United States in its dust (and rocket fuel). In 1957, at a time when people were concerned about communism and nuclear war, many Americans were dismayed by news that the Soviet Union was successfully launching satellites into orbit. Among those concerned was President Dwight D. Eisenhower, whose space program was clearly lagging a few years behind the Soviets' space program. From 1959-1963, the United States worked toward putting satellites and humans into orbit via the Mercury program, but Eisenhower's administration was already designing plans for the Apollo program by 1960, a year before the first Russian orbited the Earth and two years before John Glenn became the first American to orbit the Earth. On May 25, 1961, President John F. Kennedy addressed Congress and asked the nation to -commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth.- Given America's inability to even put a man in orbit yet, this seemed like an overly ambitious goal, and it isn't even clear that Kennedy himself believed it possible; after all, he was reluctant to meet NASA Administrator James E. Webb's initial funding requests. As Apollo 11's name suggests, there were actually a number of Apollo missions that came before, many of which included testing the rockets and different orbital and lunar modules in orbit. In fact, it wasn't until Apollo 8 that a manned vehicle was sent towards the Moon and back, and before that mission, the most famous Apollo mission was Apollo 1, albeit for all the wrong reasons. Over the decade, NASA would spend tens of billions on the Apollo missions, the most expensive peacetime program in American history to that point, and even though Apollo 11 was only one of almost 20 Apollo missions, it was certainly the crown jewel. only one of nearly 20 Apollo missions conducted by NASA. And to make Apollo 11 a success, it would take nearly a decade of planning by government officials, hard work by NASA scientists, intense training by the astronauts, and several missions preceding Apollo 11. It also cost over $20 billion, making the Apollo program the most expensive peacetime program in American history at the time. Apollo 12 successfully landed astronauts on the Moon just a few months after Apollo 11's successful mission. Apollo 12 was actually more successful than Apollo 11 from the standpoint of fulfilling the mission objectives, but it was naturally overshadowed since it did not come first. Another reason Apollo 12 is mostly forgotten today can be credited to the dramatic and fateful Apollo 13 mission, which took twists and turns nobody could have predicted when it launched on April 11, 1970. Apollo 13's mission was to land on the Moon near the Fra Mauro highlands, which were hills that had somehow formed in the middle of a huge crater tens of miles wide. The mission was supposed to test for seismic activity and take samples to analyze the crater and try to find an explanation for the formation of the hills. Of course, as is widely known today, Apollo 13 never made the landing. By the end of the Apollo program, NASA had already begun designing and developing the Space Shuttle Program, which would provide reusable vehicles for manned space travel.

The Annals of America 1961 1968 The burdens of world power

In retrospect , Mr . Kennedy ' s request to Congress in May 1961 that “ this nation
should commit itself to achieving the goal before this decade is out of landing a
man on the moon and returning him safely to Earth " appears to be one of the ...

The Annals of America  1961 1968  The burdens of world power

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 953

"This work 'is a chronological record of American life, events, and thought ... It is a comprehensive general compendium of source material containing laws, speeches, stories, transcriptions of dialogues, on-the-scene reports, reminiscences, and other primary sources." Wynar Guide to Ref Books for Sch Media Cent. 3d edition.

The Coming Economic Earthquake

The taxpayers will bear that cost before this decade is out . I am not trying to
alarm anyone unnecessarily . I have simply presented the facts as we know them
today . It is clear that we are having some severe economic tremors . These are ...

The Coming Economic Earthquake

Author: Larry Burkett

Publisher: Moody Pub

ISBN:

Page: 230

View: 727

Views the American economy, the national debt, and the future from a Christian perspective

Nerds 2 0 1

... Kennedy requested additional funding for space programs , for this experiment
in science and deliberate boost to national pride : “ I believe that this nation
should commit itself to achieving the goal before this decade is out , of landing a
man ...

Nerds 2 0 1

Author: Stephen Segaller

Publisher: TV Books Incorporated

ISBN:

Page: 399

View: 475

A companion book to the PBS television series chronicles the thirty-year development of the Internet from its beginnings as a cold war effort to build a network of government computers in order to save money

The Public interest

Much of modern physics came out of the University of Budapest in the early years
of this century . ... was not even approximately met There was another goal set
forth by President Reagan in 1984 : “ Before this decade is out , we should regain
 ...

The Public interest

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 595

Measurement Techniques and Applications

What could be more effective than for the President to say : " There is the moon ,
and I suggest you land an American on it and bring him back alive before this
decade is out . " Well , everybody on earth knows what the moon is . Everybody ...

Measurement Techniques and Applications

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 311

View: 248

Against the Odds

Only a decade before , a young John F . Kennedy stood before the U . S .
Congress and said , “ I believe this nation should commit itself to achieving the
goal , before this decade is out , of landing a man on the moon and returning him
safely to ...

Against the Odds

Author: Jeffrey L. Rodengen

Publisher: Write Stuff Enterprises Incorporated

ISBN: 9780945903314

Page: 240

View: 680

Growing up, Steve Mihaylo was known as a problem solver and innovative thinker. Traveling around the Southwest installing telephone systems in the mid-1960s, Mihaylo set his sights on something bigger -- owning his own company. In 1969, Mihaylo founded Inter-Tel with fellow partner Conway Chester. Inter-Tel first sold intercoms, but the company wouldn't stay small for long. Mihaylo transformed his company into a cutting edge, single-source communication technology provider. Award-winning author Jeffrey L. Rodengen captures the entrepreneurial spirit of a man whose life and work intersects with the Information Age.

Metrics and Case Studies for Evaluating Engineering Designs

On May 25 , 1961 , President Kennedy took the initiative by challenging
Congress and the nation to “ achieve the goal before this decade is out of landing
a man on the moon and returning him safely to the earth . ” This became the top
level ...

Metrics and Case Studies for Evaluating Engineering Designs

Author: Jay Alan Moody

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN:

Page: 259

View: 695

Metrics and Case Studies for Evaluating Engineering Designs considers four principal metrics for system design: . Design Difficulty - Some projects do not immediately reveal their complexity. Taking some time to assess the true intricacy of each situation at the outset allows you to plan appropriately from the beginning. Required Resources - An accurate understanding of the materials and personnel needed to fulfill your goals is another keystone of good planning. Systems Engineering Efficacy - As projects get more sophisticated, the impact of systems structure becomes more and more important for success. Developmental Environment - Both technology and organizational politics affect the progress of any project. Knowing your environment allows you to identify risks before they endanger your project. Metrics and Case Studies for Evaluating Engineering Designs applies these metrics to 30 real-life case studies. Drawn from the authors' experience in industry and teaching, each case illustrates one or more of the essentials in action. Moving from simple to complex systems, the book shows how readers can apply these theories to develop individual metrics tailored to their own organizations. This common-sense approach does not require readers to understand complicated mathematics or statistical models. The authors' straightforward style makes this book ideal reading for executives in business and government who need to evaluate complex programs without having a heavy technical background. Students in all engineering disciplines can also benefit from this practical, inventive guide.

Balance of Power

Congress voted an appropriation to carry out the world - wide effort and
thousands of volunteers , mostly recent college ... itself to achieving the goal ,
before this decade is out , of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely
to earth .

Balance of Power

Author: Jim Wright

Publisher: Turner Pub

ISBN:

Page: 528

View: 430

The former Speaker of the House looks back on his thirty-four-year congressional career

If We Had Wings

LAUNCHING THE FUTURE arly one evening shortly before Christmas 1999 , I lit
... in 1961 , as one became the world's first astronaut . of his first acts as president
, John F. Kennedy vowed to put a man on the moon " before this decade is out .

If We Had Wings

Author: Rinker Buck

Publisher: Crown

ISBN:

Page: 28

View: 423

An account of humankind's fascination with flight ranges from the early dreamers of the Renaissance to the moon landing and features photographs, documents, and other artifacts that provide a hands-on look at the history of aviation.

Space 50

I think history would have worked out very differently . " Certainly if a NASA
astronaut had been first into space there would have been no particular impetus
for President Kennedy to set his famous " before this decade is out " target for a
lunar ...

Space 50

Author: Piers Bizony

Publisher: Smithsonian

ISBN:

Page: 320

View: 384

A half-century history of space exploration documents efforts from Sputnik to the present day, in a visual tour that profiles such subjects as a Gemini space capsule and deep-field images of ancient galaxies as captured by the Hubble Space Telescope.

The Chief Officer

When President John F . Kennedy announced on May 25 , 1961 , that “ I believe
that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal , before this decade is
out , of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the earth , ” many
 ...

The Chief Officer

Author: Randy R. Bruegman

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN:

Page: 178

View: 698

This thought-provoking, interesting, and sensitive book provides insights into making the transition from fire fighter to fire officer. The author has imparted knowledge from his vast personal experience. Taking over a new organization, building a team, and understanding the future of your department are resounding themes that play throughout the text. The elements of change and organizational culture are explored, as each is an essential element in leading an organization today. Topics explored in this book include: an historical look at fire service; career choices; a success game plan; the transition to command; ethics, politics, and leadership; leading in times of rapid change; and team-building. For fire science/special operations professionals, as well as members of volunteer companies and those seeking careers as fire fighters.

Space

people in then in the US Sectronic die latest Russian challenge , announced that
the United States would commit its resources to landing a man on the moon “
before this decade is out . " Meeting the goals of Project Mercury and the moon ...

Space

Author:

Publisher: Time Life Medical

ISBN:

Page: 128

View: 276