Avalanches in Functional Materials and Geophysics

This book provides the state-of-the art of the present understanding of avalanche phenomena in both functional materials and geophysics.

Avalanches in Functional Materials and Geophysics

Author: Ekhard K.H. Salje

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319456121

Page: 298

View: 239

This book provides the state-of-the art of the present understanding of avalanche phenomena in both functional materials and geophysics. The main emphasis of the book is analyzing these apparently different problems within the common perspective of out-of-equilibrium phenomena displaying spatial and temporal complexity that occur in a broad range of scales. Many systems, when subjected to an external force, respond intermittently in the form of avalanches that often span over a wide range of sizes, energies and durations. This is often related to a class of critical behavior characterized by the absence of characteristic scales. Typical examples are magnetization processes, plastic deformation and failure occuring in functional materials. These phenomena share many similarities with seismicity arising from the earth crust failure due to stresses that originate from plate tectonics.

Avalanche Dynamics

Dynamics of Rapid Flows of Dense Granular Avalanches S.P. Pudasaini, ... physically justifiable results for avalanching debris flows of granular materials.

Avalanche Dynamics

Author: S.P. Pudasaini

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540326871

Page: 602

View: 712

Avalanches, mudflows and landslides are common and natural phenomena that occur in mountainous regions. With an emphasis on snow avalanches, this book provides a survey and discussion about the motion of avalanche-like flows from initiation to run out. An important aspect of this book is the formulation and investigation of a simple but appropriate continuum mechanical model for the realistic prediction of geophysical flows of granular material.

Meteorological and Geoastrophysical Abstracts

For each type of structure , its functional principle and field of application is given
, along with technical characteristics , installation , materials , and cost . ...
Surveys in Geophysics , Dordrecht , The Netherlands , 16 ( 5-6 ) , November
1995. p . 599756. Refs . , figs . , tables . Pertinent articles abstracted separately .
As a natural hazard , snow avalanches are often considered of minor importance
because , despite a rapidly increasing touristic development , they have not
brought about ...

Meteorological and Geoastrophysical Abstracts

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Physics Briefs

Proceedings of the 7th meeting on ferro electric materials and their applications (
FMA - 7 ) ... MITTATT , PIN - avalanche , double - barrier and QWITT are
presented and the different injection mechanisms of the devices for the
transittime mode are explained . ... The improvement is closely related to the
improved functional microstructure and electrical behaviour . ( orig . ) ... See Entry
26547 9 Geophysics , astronomy , and astrophysics 9100 Solid earth 2858
27127-27138 8460 Phys .

Physics Briefs

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View: 559

Finite Volumes for Complex Applications VIII Methods and Theoretical Aspects

... Simeoni, C., Yerneni, S.: Numerical modeling of avalanches based on saint ... dynamics of avalanches of granular materials frominitiation to run-out.

Finite Volumes for Complex Applications VIII   Methods and Theoretical Aspects

Author: Clément Cancès

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319573977

Page: 476

View: 921

This first volume of the proceedings of the 8th conference on "Finite Volumes for Complex Applications" (Lille, June 2017) covers various topics including convergence and stability analysis, as well as investigations of these methods from the point of view of compatibility with physical principles. It collects together the focused invited papers comparing advanced numerical methods for Stokes and Navier–Stokes equations on a benchmark, as well as reviewed contributions from internationally leading researchers in the field of analysis of finite volume and related methods, offering a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in the field. The finite volume method in its various forms is a space discretization technique for partial differential equations based on the fundamental physical principle of conservation, and recent decades have brought significant advances in the theoretical understanding of the method. Many finite volume methods preserve further qualitative or asymptotic properties, including maximum principles, dissipativity, monotone decay of free energy, and asymptotic stability. Due to these properties, finite volume methods belong to the wider class of compatible discretization methods, which preserve qualitative properties of continuous problems at the discrete level. This structural approach to the discretization of partial differential equations becomes particularly important for multiphysics and multiscale applications. The book is a valuable resource for researchers, PhD and master’s level students in numerical analysis, scientific computing and related fields such as partial differential equations, as well as engineers working in numerical modeling and simulations.

Nanoscale Ferroelectrics and Multiferroics

Annual Review of Materials Research, 42, 265–283. (55) Carpenter, M.A., Salje, E.K.H., ... Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 7, art. no. Q11011.

Nanoscale Ferroelectrics and Multiferroics

Author: Miguel Alguero

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118935705

Page: 984

View: 601

This two volume set reviews the key issues in processing and characterization of nanoscale ferroelectrics and multiferroics, and provides a comprehensive description of their properties, with an emphasis in differentiating size effects of extrinsic ones like boundary or interface effects. Recently described nanoscale novel phenomena are also addressed. Organized into three parts it addresses key issues in processing (nanostructuring), characterization (of the nanostructured materials) and nanoscale effects. Taking full advantage of the synergies between nanoscale ferroelectrics and multiferroics, the text covers materials nanostructured at all levels, from ceramic technologies like ferroelectric nanopowders, bulk nanostructured ceramics and thick films, and magnetoelectric nanocomposites, to thin films, either polycrystalline layer heterostructures or epitaxial systems, and to nanoscale free standing objects with specific geometries, such as nanowires and tubes at different levels of development. This set is developed from the high level European scientific knowledge platform built within the COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) Action on Single and multiphase ferroics and multiferroics with restricted geometries (SIMUFER, ref. MP0904). Chapter contributors have been carefully selected, and have all made major contributions to knowledge of the respective topics, and overall, they are among most respected scientists in the field.

Methods of avalanche control on Washington mountain highways

Geophysics Program. From USDA Forest Service General Technical Report RM -
3 , " Advances in North American Avalanche Technology : 1972 Symposium " . ...
The functional form of ( 3 ) will apparently be completely different in the two cases
discussed . ... Rowe ( 1964 ) has shown , for materials with very different
hardness , failure is by shear in the softer material at a layer beyond the envelope
of the ...

Methods of avalanche control on Washington mountain highways

Author: University of Washington. Geophysics Program

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 76

View: 524

This summary report synthesizes the work on avalanche control carried out at the University of Washington from 1970 through 1974. Five problem areas are addressed: 1. Identification of avalanche paths. 2. Description of historical frequency and size of avalanches. 3. Prediction of avalanching. 4. Identification of control methods. 5. Inclusion of control and prediction schemes in highway design and operation.

METHODS OF AVALANCHE CONTROL ON WASHINGTON MOUNTAIN HIGHWAYS ANNUAL REPORT

Geophysics Program. From USDA Forest Service General Technical Report RM -
3 , " Advances in North American Avalanche Technology : 1972 Symposium " . ...
The functional form of ( 3 ) will apparently be completely different in the two cases
discussed . ... Rowe ( 1964 ) has shown , for materials with very different
hardness , failure is by shear in the softer material at a layer beyond the envelope
of the ...

METHODS OF AVALANCHE CONTROL ON WASHINGTON MOUNTAIN HIGHWAYS  ANNUAL REPORT

Author: University of Washington. Geophysics Program

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 611

STAR

... fueled ramjets N90-10204 FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS Discrete - time conversion for ... N90-10460 FRACTURES ( MATERIALS ) Fracture and three dimensional stress ...

STAR

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World Technology Policies

SQUIDs can measure extremely small electromagnetic fluctuations of relevance
in geophysical prospecting and a number of ... at room temperature has fuelled
an avalanche of activity in the field . ... Typically , there are a number of materials
which can satisfy such a requirement thus compared to functional materials ...

World Technology Policies

Author: Brendan Barker

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Longman Limited

ISBN:

Page: 940

View: 109

Semiconductors

... which combine the merits of silicon carbide as a wide - band material : ( 1 )
short - wavelength optoelectronic devices ... high Debye temperature ( 1300 K ) ,
high thermal conductivity ( 3 - 5 W / cm . deg ) , large avalanche - breakdown field
... The use of SiC in semiconductor electronics can significantly broaden not only
its sphere of application , but also its functional ... petroleum chemistry ,
geochemistry , geophysics , and the technology of environmental monitoring and
restoration .

Semiconductors

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English translation of Fizika i tekhnika poluprovodnikov; covers semiconductor research in countries of the Former Soviet Union. Topics include semiconductor theory, transport phenomena in semiconductors, optics, magneto-optics, and electro-optics of semiconductors, semiconductor lasers, and semiconductor surface physics. Includes book reviews.

Borehole Geophysics for Mining and Geotechnical Applications

The transponder consists of only four electronic functional blocks . derived from
batteries to minimize internally generated electronic noise . ... the attenuation of
the intervening material , and the maximum gain of the transponder amplifier
which can be tolerated without spurious triggering . ... RECEIVING ANTENNA
DIODE BRIDGE VIDEO CLIPPER CIRCUIT BATTERY PACK AVALANCHE
TRANSISTOR ...

Borehole Geophysics for Mining and Geotechnical Applications

Author: Geological Survey of Canada

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 400

View: 563

Proceedings of an International Symposium and Workshop on Borehole Geophysicsfor Mining and Geotechnical Applications, held in Toronto in August 1983. The contents include 41 papers and summaries of two afternoon workshops oninstrumentation and on interpretation and are arranged in order ofpresentation, in groups of papers on logging applications, calibrationaspects, EM methods, applied potential methods, acoustic methods, magneticborehold radar, magnetometric resistivity, gravity, x-ray and other nuclearmethods. The five papers from the earlier 1981 Geological Survey of CanadaMineral Logging Workshop concern inverse filtering of gamma ray logs, borehole IP, EM, resistivity and seismic measurements, and log calibrationand quality control.

Climate Change

Geophysical Foundations and Ecological Effects Juan A. Blanco, Houshang Kheradmand. Surprisingly few papers have been devoted to debris avalanches and their ...

Climate Change

Author: Juan A. Blanco

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9533074191

Page: 536

View: 476

This book offers an interdisciplinary view of the biophysical issues related to climate change. Climate change is a phenomenon by which the long-term averages of weather events (i.e. temperature, precipitation, wind speed, etc.) that define the climate of a region are not constant but change over time. There have been a series of past periods of climatic change, registered in historical or paleoecological records. In the first section of this book, a series of state-of-the-art research projects explore the biophysical causes for climate change and the techniques currently being used and developed for its detection in several regions of the world. The second section of the book explores the effects that have been reported already on the flora and fauna in different ecosystems around the globe. Among them, the ecosystems and landscapes in arctic and alpine regions are expected to be among the most affected by the change in climate, as they will suffer the more intense changes. The final section of this book explores in detail those issues.

Dissertation Abstracts International

... KAREN LYNN , p.4073 - B PHARMACOLOGICAL IDENTIFICATION OF A
FUNCTIONAL BETA - 2 ADRENOCEPTOR ... CALCITE BICRYSTALS ( GRAIN
GROWTH , REACTION , SOLID STATE ) ( GEOPHYSICS ) HAY , RANDALL
STUART , p . ... BY ANTIMONY AND HYDROGEN IN A MODEL ALLOY STEEL (
ENGINEERING , MATERIALS SCIENCE ) MORGAN ... PULSES AT 532 NM IN
SODIUM - CHLORIDE ( DAMAGE , MULTIPHOTON , AVALANCHE , IMPURITIES
) IPHYSICS ...

Dissertation Abstracts International

Author:

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Essentials of Laboratory Animal Science Principles and Practices

Looking at the complexity of the animal facility, creating functional designs ... as geophysical (earthquakes, volcanic activity), hydrological (avalanches, ...

Essentials of Laboratory Animal Science  Principles and Practices

Author: P. Nagarajan

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 981160987X

Page: 806

View: 523

This book comprehensively reviews the anatomy, physiology, genetics and pathology of laboratory animals as well as the principles and practices of using laboratory animals for biomedical research.It covers the design of buildings used for laboratory animals, quality control of laboratory animals, and toxicology, and discusses various animal models used for human diseases. It also highlights aspects, such as handling and restraint and administration of drugs, as well as breeding and feeding of laboratory animals, and provides guidelines for developing meaningful experiments using laboratory animals.Further, the book discusses various alternatives to animal experiments for drug and chemical testing, including their advantages over the current approaches. Lastly, it examines the potential effect of harmful pathogens on the physiology of laboratory animals and discusses the state of art in in vivo imaging techniques.The book is a useful resource for research scientists, laboratory animal veterinarians, and students of laboratory animal medicine.