An Archaeology of Town Commons in England

This beautifully illustrated book is the result of an English Heritage project to survey the archaeology of surviving town commons to get a picture of their historic importance and to promote their conservation.

An Archaeology of Town Commons in England

Author: Mark Bowden

Publisher: Historic England Press

ISBN:

Page: 101

View: 750

Commons are an urban as well as rural phenomenon, designed to provide grazing for the draft animals of tradesmen ("a green precursor to the carpark") as well as to serve as a civic amenity. This beautifully illustrated book is the result of an English Heritage project to survey the archaeology of surviving town commons to get a picture of their historic importance and to promote their conservation. The book presents the findings, tracing the origins of the commons and how they relate to the urban landscape, as well as examining the many uses of commons, primarily agricultural, but also including industrial functions such as quarrying, serving as military training grounds, and as open spaces for entertainment and public meetings. A gazetteer lists the known historical town commons, together with their current state of survival as recorded by the project.

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CRM

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Commons in England : ' A very fair field indeed atsalu the By Mark Bowden ,
Graham ...

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Farming the City

An archaeology of town commons in England. “A very fair field indeed”, Swindon
2009, 83–90. My estimates are based on Parliamentary returns from 1835 and
1870, plus evidence of towns with commons enclosed prior to that date. 3 Elinor ...

Farming the City

Author: Erich Landsteiner

Publisher: StudienVerlag

ISBN: 3706560577

Page: 228

View: 690

THE RESILIENCE AND DECLINE OF URBAN AGRICULTURE IN EUROPEAN HISTORY Urban agriculture is a highly diversified and multi-layered phenomenon, and its roots are both very old and very recent. Throughout European history, it has appeared in different forms and guises. In some periods and regions, urban agriculture seemes to have declined at an early stage, whereas in others urban economies and societies remained firmly based on more or less specialized and commercialized agrarian production until the recent past. At the beginning of the 21st century, in an urban world characterized by globalizing food markets, social polarization, but also increasing food insecurity, it is again rapidly gaining importance. Citizens practice urban agriculture in a combined effort to diversify their food supplies, shorten the food chain and strengthen community life. In order to understand the organization, the resilience and failure of urban agriculture in different contexts, this volume aims to develop a comparative and long-term approach, with a particular focus on the actors involved in urban agriculture, their income strategies, and the social and economic configurations in which they operate. RESILIENZ UND NIEDERGANG DER STÄDTISCHEN LANDWIRTSCHAFT IN DER EUROPÄISCHEN GESCHICHTE Die urbane Landwirtschaft ist ein vielschichtiges Phänomen, dessen Wurzeln unterschiedlich weit in der europäischen Geschichte zurückreichen. In einigen Regionen schien die städtische Landwirtschaft in einem frühen Stadium nachzulassen, in anderen beruhte die städtische Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft bis in die jüngste Vergangenheit fest auf einer mehr oder weniger spezialisierten und kommerzialisierten Agrarproduktion. Zu Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts gewinnt sie in einer von globalisierten Lebensmittelmärkten, sozialer Polarisierung, aber auch zunehmender Ernährungsunsicherheit geprägten urbanen Welt wieder rasant an Bedeutung: StädterInnen betreiben Landwirtschaft in einem gemeinsamen Bemühen, ihre Lebensmittelversorgung zu diversifizieren, die Produktionsketten zu verkürzen und das Gemeinschaftsleben zu stärken. Um die Organisation, die Resilienz und das Scheitern der städtischen Landwirtschaft in verschiedenen Kontexten zu verstehen, zielt dieser Band darauf ab, einen vergleichenden und langfristigen Ansatz zu entwickeln. Dabei stehen die Akteure der städtischen Landwirtschaft, ihre Einkommensstrategien und die sozialen und ökonomischen Bedingungen, in denen sie arbeiten, im Mittelpunkt.

Tradition and Transformation in Anglo Saxon England

York, Council for British Archaeology: 120–125. Bowden, M., Brown, G. and
Smith, N. 2009. An Archaeology of Town Commons in England. Swindon,
English Heritage. Bracton De Legibus et Consuetudinibus Angliae (Bracton on
The Laws ...

Tradition and Transformation in Anglo Saxon England

Author: Susan Oosthuizen

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1472505360

Page: 176

View: 592

Most people believe that traditional landscapes did not survive the collapse of Roman Britain, and that medieval open fields and commons originated in Anglo-Saxon innovations unsullied by the past. The argument presented here tests that belief by contrasting the form and management of early medieval fields and pastures with those of the prehistoric and Roman landscapes they are supposed to have superseded. The comparison reveals unexpected continuities in the layout and management of arable and pasture from the fourth millennium BC to the Norman Conquest. The results suggest a new paradigm: the collective organisation of agricultural resources originated many centuries, perhaps millennia, before Germanic migrants reached Britain. In many places, medieval open fields and common rights over pasture preserved long-standing traditions for organising community assets. In central, southern England, a negotiated compromise between early medieval lords eager to introduce new managerial structures and communities as keen to retain their customary traditions of landscape organisation underpinned the emergence of nucleated settlements and distinctive, highly-regulated open fields.

The End of Tradition

fair. field. indeed...': the. archaeology. of. town. commons. These joined the more
traditional fairs and celebrations which ... rural milieu but it is worth remembering
that historically towns and cities in England were provided with common lands, ...

The End of Tradition

Author: Ian D. Rotherham

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 1904098568

Page: 427

View: 182

"The threats from global cultural change and abandonment of traditional landscape management increased in the last half of the twentieth century and ten years into the twenty-first century show no signs of slowing down. Their impacts on global biodiversity and on people disconnected from their traditional landscapes pose real and serious economic and social problems which need to be addressed now. The End of Tradition conference held in Sheffield, UK, was organised by Professor Ian D. Rotherham and colleagues. It addressed the fundamental issues of whether we can conserve the biodiversity of wonderful and iconic landscapes and reconnect people to their natural environment. And, if we can, how can we do so and make them relevant for the twenty-first century."--

Current Archaeology

An Archaeology of Town Commons in England ' A very fair field indeed '
NORMAN CHURCHES IN THE Mark Bowden Gran Brown and North
CANTERBURY DIOCESE 101 THINGS TO DO WITH A STONE CIRCLE Mary
Berg and Howard ...

Current Archaeology

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Survey of London Woolwich

... Parliamentary Archives , FCP / 2 / 327 : Andrews , Dury and Herbert's map of
Kent , 1769 : ' Eltham Common , Shooter's Hill ' , WASP , vol . 12 , 1907 , pp.35-40
: ODNB : Mark Bowden et al . , An Archaeology of Town Commons in England ...

Survey of London  Woolwich

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Proceedings Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society

What is of singular significance is the fact that the abbey was following a common
practice used by other major land - owners to ... 44 Nevertheless , in addition to
being one of Dorset ' s best medieval planned towns , Charmouth has important
... made to the British Archaeological Association , ii ( 1871 ) , 145 - 59 ; Royal
Commission on Historical Monuments ( England ) , Dorset , i ( 1952 ) , 240 – 46 .
3 .

Proceedings   Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society

Author: Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society

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List of members in each volume.

Gazetteer of Archaeological Investigations in England

Surviving post - medieval buildings around the Market Square testified to the
commercial success of the town in the 17th and 18th centuries . [ Au ( adp ) ] 1 /
87 ( B . 12 . 4003 ) TL23987136 WATERSMEET , MILL COMMON ,
HUNTINGDON ...

Gazetteer of Archaeological Investigations in England

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"Information about the nature and extent of archaeological investigations carried out in England," compiled and abstracted from journals, reviews, annual reports, grant reports, and archaeologists' summaries of current work, many otherwise unpublished or intended for limited circulation.

Images of Change

Understanding how the 20th-century landscape is perceived and how it connects to the past is part of what this book is about - helping us to understand that change and creation is as important in the landscape as preservation.

Images of Change

Author: Sefryn Penrose

Publisher: Historic England Press

ISBN:

Page: 200

View: 462

Understanding how the 20th-century landscape is perceived and how it connects to the past is part of what this book is about - helping us to understand that change and creation is as important in the landscape as preservation.

Medieval Towns

The Archaeology of British Towns in Their European Setting John Schofield, A. G.
Vince ... As far as general patterns can be seen in England and Wales, royal
foundations were common before 1100, but seigneurial foundations (those ...

Medieval Towns

Author: John Schofield

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780826460028

Page: 335

View: 642

"Though the book is primarily about medieval towns in Britain, many parallels are drawn with contemporary towns and cities all over Europe, from Ireland to Russia and from Scandinavia to Italy. It is written in the belief that medieval urban archaeology should be a Europe-wide study, as are the fields of architecture and urban history."--BOOK JACKET.

The Archaeological Journal

Right Worshipful the Mayor of Exeter , the Sheriff and Common Councillors , who
, accompanied by the President Elect of ... The following Address was then read
by the Town Clerk ( W. D. Moore , Esq . ) as follows : “ To the President and
Members of the Royal Archæological Institute ... so distinguished as the
birthplace of the chief founders of England's greatness , you will meet with a fund
of interesting ...

The Archaeological Journal

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Medieval Town Walls

For the first time, the authors draw together a variety of evidence to reveal the chronologies, functions, structures, and social significance of urban defences in Britain.

Medieval Town Walls

Author: Oliver Hamilton Creighton

Publisher: Tempus Pub Limited

ISBN:

Page: 320

View: 414

For the first time, the authors draw together a variety of evidence to reveal the chronologies, functions, structures, and social significance of urban defences in Britain. They show that the walls and their related structures are a mixture of military pragmatism, commercial logic, and symbolism.