In this audit we reviewed selected key components of the Single European Sky (SES) initiative, which aims at improving the overall performance of air traffic management (ATM).
In this audit we reviewed selected key components of the Single European Sky (SES) initiative, which aims at improving the overall performance of air traffic management (ATM). Overall, we conclude that the initiative addressed a clear need and has led to a greater culture of efficiency in ATM. However, European airspace management remains fragmented and the SES as a concept has not yet been achieved. Navigation charges have not been substantially reduced and ATM-related delays have started to increase again. The SES’s technological pillar, the SESAR project, promoted coordination and is gradually releasing technological improvements, but has fallen behind its initial schedule and has become significantly more costly than anticipated. In substance, the EU’s intervention in SESAR has evolved from one with a target deadline for achievement to a more open-ended commitment. We make a number of recommendations to the European Commission and the Member States to help improve the effectiveness of the SES.
The single European sky initiative promotes harmonisation of air traffic control procedures and operations throughout the airspace of the European Union Member States and their close neighbours.
The single European sky initiative promotes harmonisation of air traffic control procedures and operations throughout the airspace of the European Union Member States and their close neighbours. Removing the barriers which have historically fragmented European airspace will make air transport throughout Europe more efficient. The single sky puts in place a system with sufficient capacity and flexibility for the excepted increases in traffic over the coming decades, while at the same time ensuring the highest possible safety standards throughout European skies. ln early 2004, the European Union adopted a package of legislation setting out the route to achieving the single sky. The focus now moves to putting that into effect through detailed implementing rules. This brochure outlines the areas in which these rules are now being developed.
This book, the first to cover the SES in depth, presents unparalleled insight into a versatile and complex undertaking which will determine the future of air traffic management in Europe.
Author: Daniel Calleja Crespo
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
This book, the first to cover the SES in depth, presents unparalleled insight into a versatile and complex undertaking which will determine the future of air traffic management in Europe. Its chapters analyse the progress as well as the shortcomings and setbacks encountered in the implementation of the SES policy objectives. With forward-looking contributions from over forty well-known experts working in virtually every arena of aviation, from airports and airlines to regulatory agencies and air law practice and scholarship, the book thoroughly explains what has been achieved so far, not only in theory but in fact.
Instead of a fractious world of science, the radio astronomers saw a single sky,
unifying both nations and disciplines. Unlikely as it sounds, disciplinary and
international unity began during wartime. As everyone who has written on radio ...
Author: David P.D. Munns
Publisher: MIT Press
How radio astronomers challenged national borders, disciplinary boundaries, and the constraints of vision to create an international scientific community. For more than three thousand years, the science of astronomy depended on visible light. In just the last sixty years, radio technology has fundamentally altered how astronomers see the universe. Combining the wartime innovation of radar and the established standards of traditional optical telescopes, the “radio telescope” offered humanity a new vision of the universe. In A Single Sky, the historian David Munns explains how the idea of the radio telescope emerged from a new scientific community uniting the power of radio with the international aspirations of the discipline of astronomy. The radio astronomers challenged Cold War era rivalries by forging a united scientific community looking at a single sky. Munns tells the interconnecting stories of Australian, British, Dutch, and American radio astronomers, all seeking to learn how to see the universe by means of radio. Jointly, this international array of radio astronomers built a new “community” style of science opposing the “glamour” of nuclear physics. A Single Sky describes a communitarian style of science, a culture of interdisciplinary and international integration and cooperation, and counters the notion that recent science has been driven by competition. Collaboration, or what a prominent radio astronomer called “a blending of radio invention and astronomical insight,” produced a science as revolutionary as Galileo's first observations with a telescope. Working together, the community of radio astronomers revealed the structure of the galaxy.
The aims of this study are firstly to review whether the revised performance plan of Bulgaria is being implemented as planned; and secondly to verify compliance of the cost base for air navigation services.
The aims of this study are firstly to review whether the revised performance plan of Bulgaria is being implemented as planned; and secondly to verify compliance of the cost base for air navigation services. The second aim is to address the recommendation made by the European Court of Auditors in 2017 concerning the inspection coverage of the charging scheme.
The European airspace suffers from increased congestion in the past years.
Author: Dan Sharell
The European airspace suffers from increased congestion in the past years. To tackle this issue, the European Union (EU) launched the Single European Sky (SES) imitative in 2000, intending to integrate, harmonise and modernise the fragmented and outdated European Air Traffic Management system. However, the realisation of the SES appears to be more complicated than initially anticipated. This thesis seeks to reveal and understand the fundamental challenges preventing the successful implementation of the SES. The theoretical part provides an overview of European integration theories and presents relevant insights for the SES thereof. The empirical part follows a grounded theory approach. Several expert opinions regarding the implementation of the SES are collected from academic journals, professional magazines, newspapers, and reports from various authorities, such as the European Commission. Those are analysed through a qualitative content analysis following the proposed procedure of Gioia et al. (2013). As a result, the main challenges are structured into 6 aggregate dimensions. These results are then validated with 3 in-depth, semi-structured expert interviews and discussed with regard to the theoretical findings. The theoretical and empirical results show that, although an ideal implementation of the SES would follow a uniformed approach, the implementation is very likely to progress differentially, which has to be taken into account when planning the further implementation of the SES. Furthermore, technological innovation is of elementary importance as it enables cooperation in areas where it has not been possible to promote cooperation by political means. As many issues are still unclear, further research and clarification is necessary to ensure a successful implementation of the SES.
The work of a visionary and iconoclastic feminist cartoonist—available in English for the first time The Sky is Blue with a Single Cloud collects the best short stories from Kuniko Tsurita’s remarkable career.
Author: Kuniko Tsurita
Publisher: Drawn and Quarterly
The work of a visionary and iconoclastic feminist cartoonist—available in English for the first time The Sky is Blue with a Single Cloud collects the best short stories from Kuniko Tsurita’s remarkable career. While the works of her male peers in literary manga are widely reprinted, this formally ambitious and poetic female voice is like none other currently available to an English readership. A master of the comics form, expert pacing and compositions combined with bold characters are signature qualities of Tsurita's work. Tsurita’s early stories “Nonsense” and “Anti” provide a unique, intimate perspective on the bohemian culture and political heat of late 1960s and early ‘70s Tokyo. Her work gradually became darker and more surreal under the influence of modern French literature and her own prematurely failing health. As in works like “The Sky is Blue with a Single Cloud” and “Max,” the gender of many of Tsurita's strong and sensual protagonists is ambiguous, marking an early exploration of gender fluidity. Late stories like "Arctic Cold" and "Flight" show the artist experimenting with more conventional narrative modes, though with dystopian themes that extend the philosophical interests of her early work. An exciting and essential gekiga collection, The Sky is Blue with a Single Cloud is translated by the comics scholar Ryan Holmberg and includes an afterword cowritten by Holmberg and manga editor Mitsuhiro Asakawa delineating Tsurita's importance and historical relevance.
Current airspace infrastructure will not be able to absorb the air traffic level that all forecasts predict for the near future.
Author: Pablo Ortiz Sanchis
Current airspace infrastructure will not be able to absorb the air traffic level that all forecasts predict for the near future. For this reason, projects such as SESAR (Europe) or Next Gent (USA) were initiated, which aim to develop new technologies and operational concepts for a more efficient, safe and flexible airspace management. In front of this situation, several investigations point out the necessity to change the actual concept of entry aircraft count. This investifagtions considerate the entry count is desfased and simplistic concept for the magnitude of the problem we have to face. Over the past years, numerous investigations have focused on trying to define the concept of complexity and developing a generalist mathematical model that can be used by air navigation service providers when managing air traffic. The objective of this project has been to analyze, from the perspective of the PRU Complexity, the air traffic management carried out in various European centers and to try to determine if the Complexity PRU would be an efficient metric when defining and managing airspace capacity.
This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the law regulating State aids to airlines, which includes sections on Articles 107 TFEU and 108 TFEU as well as an overview of legal issues raised by air transport and competition in the EU, in ...
Author: Magnus Schmauch
Publisher: Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft
State intervention in air transport is omnipresent. Airlines, in particular, are major beneficiaries of State aid. This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the law regulating State aids to airlines, which includes sections on Articles 107 TFEU and 108 TFEU as well as an overview of legal issues raised by air transport and competition in the EU, in particular deregulation and its consequences. EU Law on State Aid to Airlines follows a multi-disciplinary approach by relying on the fundamental concepts of economics and policy analysis. This approach allows grasping the wider implications of this sector's issues for the field of State Aid, in particular in the light of the 'more economic approach' and the 'balancing test'. Furthermore, additional perspective is given on State aid law in the air transport sector through comparative analyses of regulations in the United States and Switzerland and outlooks on international relations. Finally, the book presents a number of recent Commission decisions with a dramatic importance for the air transport, with the opening of formal investigation procedures regarding alleged State aid to low-cost airlines operating from regional airports all over Europe. Magnus Schmauch is Legal Secretary at the EFTA Court in the Chambers of judge Pall Hreinsson. Previous experience includes four years as a lawyer at the Court of Justice of the European Union. He has published a large number of articles on State aid and other fields of EU law and teaches on EU law and fundamental rights at the University of Lund, Sweden.